The National Animal Production Research Institute had a primordial beginning as Shika Cattle Stud farm in 1928 used for selecting indigenous breeds of bulls for breeding native herds. In 1954, research into sown pastures and range management commenced and in 1962 it became Shika Grassland Research Station under the Institute for Agricultural Research of the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
The Decree No 35 of August 27, 1973 and the Research Institutes (Establishment) order of November, 1975 gave birth to the National Animal Production Research Institute on July 1, 1976. The Institute is funded by and financially accountable to the Federal Government but administratively under the Ahmadu Bello University.
The vision of the Institute is to be “a research institute of excellence in the development and dissemination of innovations and appropriate technologies for commercial and competitive smallholder, medium and large scale environmentally friendly animal production systems to ensure animal food security in Nigeria”.
Its mission is to “conduct demand-driven research and training in animal production and dissemination of technologies to animal producers, processors and marketers in an integrated value-chain system to achieve sustainable employment generation, poverty alleviation and improved livelihood in Nigeria”.
- Quality research, teaching and extension for development
- Impactful community service
- Institutional integrity in honest service
In pursuing its mission, the Institute is mandated to conduct research for:
- Genetic and reproductive improvements of livestock species which include: - cattle, sheep, goats, swine, poultry, rabbits, donkeys, horses, camels, etc.
- Introduction, selection, propagation and utilization of natural and sown pastures for livestock production.
- Development of animal nutrition packages for maintenance and production of all classes of food animal species.